Irrigation Methods: What You Should Know
What is Irrigation?
Irrigation is the process of artificially watering plants to help them achieve their moisture requirements. Water sources include streams, wells, dams, and canals. The regularity, rate, duration, and volume of irrigation depend on the plant/crop, season, and soil type. Irrigation can also be used to deliver nutrients to plants. In this article, we will be discussing the various methods of irrigation. If you live in the Houston area, you would know that the dry months can be a trying time for plants/crops, and most of you would likely be looking for Houston-based irrigation services.
Methods of Irrigation
There are two major methods of irrigation: traditional and modern methods.
- Traditional Methods
Traditional methods of irrigation are methods that have been used since ancient times and are still being used now. They are usually cheaper than modern methods. There are four(4) traditional methods of irrigation.
- Check Basin Method
This is among the best irrigation techniques for leveled land. The field is separated into basins based on its ability to hold water. A tiny drain connects the basin. The size of the basin depends on the water inflow. The primary water source is located at the top of the field.
- Furrow Method
Crops that are planted in rows typically feature extensive furrow irrigation. Water flows between two “Dols” formed along the rows’ sides. It is not necessary to provide water once the furrow is filled. Although it is reasonably priced, it requires a lot of labor.
- Strip Irrigation Method
The fields are divided into strips of varying widths. The strips are built following the slope of the land. The land’s structure determines the width of the strips. This is a simple irrigation method that requires less labor.
- Basin Irrigation Method
An elevated platform with drains surrounds the plants and trees. This technique works well for watering trees and bushes but is not recommended for crop use. However, this method wastes a lot of water.
- Modern Methods
Modern methods use technology to simplify or make irrigation more efficient.
- Sprinkler Irrigation
These days, it is a quick and easy way of irrigation. The fields receive water by spraying with water droplets resembling rain through pipelines. In the sprinkler system, water loss is prevented. It also does not have waterlogging issues, and groundwater balance is preserved. Sprinkler irrigation works well in places with little water and rough terrain, like in the Houston area during the dry months. This is why you need certified Houston irrigation companies if you want to set up this system.
- Drip Irrigation
This irrigation method is becoming common in areas where water is scarce. Narrow pipes with small holes are laid through the field. Water drips at the roots of the plants as it flows through the pipes. Water is absorbed by the roots and supplied to the plants. This method conserves water.
You now have an idea of the irrigation method that might work for you. However, contact us today for more detailed information and advice.